Feeding Betta Fish

Many people wonder about the best techniques for feeding betta fish.  There are many different sets of tips and tricks when it comes to betta food online that it can certainly be confusing for people who are new to keeping Siamese fighting fish.  The basic types of foods for bettas are pellets, flakes, live fish food, and frozen kinds.  We will discuss them all here as each one has both pros and cons.

Feeding Betta Fish Pellets
For most people, pellets are the standard type of food they feed to their betta fish.  The main reason for this is that the pellets are relatively inexpensive, are easy to keep fresh, can be stored for a long time without degrading too much, and are quite easy to feed.  There are also a huge variety of betta pellets to choose from so you are definitely likely to find one or two brands your fish will devour!

feeding betta fish

young betta fish devouring food

Most betta pellet foods have a good balance of calories and nutrients to keep your fish bright.  Some are mass produced and are likely not actually designed with bettas in mind, but there are a few brands I trust enough to use on my own betta fish on a regular basis.  For starters, the Atison Betta foods are my personal favorite.  They were designed by a professional betta breeder and produced by a well trusted manufacturer.  Atison`s Betta Pro has 75 grams of betta pellets which will last a very long time since each fish only needs a small pinch of food once or twice per day (and is only about $5).

Feeding Betta Fish Flakes
Feeding betta fish flakes is another choice and would be my third choice of foods for my bettas.  The reason for this is that some bettas are picky eaters and don`t seem to appreciate the texture of the flake food at first.  Eventually, though, if you stick with betta flakes you will find they learn to love them.  Flake foods  are also a bit messier than feeding pellets.  If you choose to go with a betta flake food, choose a color-enhancing flake food to help keep your betta`s scales and fins as bright and healthy as possible!

Feeding Betta Fish Live Foods Is Easy
After a little bit of a learning curve you will find that feeding betta fish live foods is an excellent way to keep the hunting.  Over the years I have cultured 5 different live fish foods for my bettas.  These would include microworms, baby brine shrimp, grindal worms, white worms, and red wrigglers.  I was not a huge fan of the red wrigglers since they are too big for bettas but the others are all easy if you have the right setups.

My favorite baby fish food would have to be microworms since they are incredibly easy to keep alive and the individual cultures stay strong for months at a time.  The best place to buy would be on eBay.  Baby brine shrimp can be a very nutritious food for betta fry as well as adults.  I have heard that adults can still hunt the newly hatched artemia and there is one brine shrimp hatchery that will fit into your betta tank and continually let out a trickle of live brine shrimp which your Siamese fighting fish is sure to appreciate!

Feeding Betta Fish Frozen Foods
Feeding frozen foods to your Siamese fighting fish should be used less regularly than either pellets, live foods, or flakes.  There is always the potential that frozen foods can harbor betta fish diseases such as ick.  They are a bit of a hassle to keep since you need to remember to freeze them between uses.  Frozen foods for fish also tend to have foul odors when thawed at feeding times!  Because of these issues I usually try to avoid using this type of betta fish food and usually a small container will last me a year or more.

One use that I have had for frozen foods is for feeding big spawns of juvenile bettas.  Bettas at this stage of the growth cycle are voracious eaters and never seem to be full.  Frozen foods are one good way to keep their bellies full which helps them attain rapid growth rates!

How Much To Give When Feeding Betta Fish
One of the most common mistakes beginners make is over-feeding!  You will be surprised how little food you can feed a healthy betta and still be sure it is getting enough calories and nutrition.  While most people feed their fish two or three times per day I try to aim for once every day or even every other day.  In nature, bettas would not have a guaranteed supply of food hand fed to them and they should be well adapted to having intermittent meals.  I like to mimic this in my aquariums and find that a small pinch of pellets or a scoop of grindal worms helps keep the water cleaner and the bettas healthy.

One rule of thumb to prevent over-feeding is to watch your bettas after.  If they don`t eat everything you give them within 2 to 5 minutes then you can try a smaller amount next time.  Overall, a variety of foods and avoiding feeding too much are the most important tips you should keep in mind when learning about feeding betta fish!

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